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Where to find your cultural community in Canada

For many newcomers to Canada, finding people of their own social and cultural background can be a huge consideration in settling in a new country.

Luckily, due to its ethic of multiculturalism, and emphasis on diversity, newcomers from all around the world can likely find members of their community in Canada.

Below is a profile of Canada’s most populous municipalities, including prominent ethnic groups, place of birth, immigrant status, breakdown of official languages spoken, and knowledge of languages. The largest cities from each province have been chosen, and data has been obtained from the Canadian 2021 National Census.


For ethnic origins, this article uses Statistics Canada’s “list of ethnic or cultural origins 2021” (with in-depth definitions) which can be found here.

In terms of immigrant status, this article refers to:

  • “Immigrants” who are newcomers to Canada who have been granted permanent residence (PR) status, and/or individuals who have become naturalized Canadian citizens;
  • “Non-immigrants” which refers to people who are Canadian citizens by birth; and
  • “Non-permanent residents” who are foreign nationals who have been allowed to reside in Canada for a temporary period, usually on a study or work permit of some kind.